Tuesday, January 6, 2015

History of Israel in Maps The birth of Palestine and the Jewish Homeland 1914-1948

History of Israel in Maps

The birth of Palestine and the Jewish Homeland 1914-1948

The maps show the creation and evolution of the state of Israel and of the area called "Palestine."
Map of Ottoman Levant1914 - Ottoman Levant - The general area of the Levant in the Ottoman Empire was divided into Vilayets (provinces) and Sanjaks (districts). These divisions and designations changed periodically. In 1914, the area was divided into:The Vilayet of Beirut, covering South and Central Lebanon and the northern part of modern Israel and the West Bank. This included the Sanjaks of Nablus, Acre and Beirut, going south to north;
The "Independent Sanjak of Jerusalem" covering a part of the south-central part of Israel, the West bank and Gaza, but not including the southern Negev;
The Villayet of Damascus - covering the western part of modern Jordan and southwestern Syria, and including the Sanjak of Hauran and the Sanjak of Ma'an.
"Palestine" was the European and American name for the general area where Jesus had lived, but it had no definite geographic boundaries.
Map of 1919 Zionist proposal for Palestine Mandate1919 - Zionist Proposal - The Zionist movement presented the map at left as the proposed area of the Jewish national home to the Paris Peace Conference. It included a portion of land east of the Jordan river almost up to the railway that runs from Damascus to Saudi Arabia, and not including Amman. It also included areas that are now in south Lebanon.
1922- The Jewish National Home is born - In April of 1922, the League of Nations created The British Mandate for Palestine, providing for an area of 43,000 square miles or 111,369 square kilometers. Britain however, had already demarcated the part of the mandate east of the Jordan river as "Transjordan."    
map of British Mandate for Palestine after removal of Transjordan1922- The Jewish National Home is Downsized - In August of 1922, the League of Nations accepted the British demarcation of Transjordan, as discussed in the The Churchill ("Command") White Paper. About 32,500 square miles or 84,174 sq km, roughly 76% of the area of the Jewish National home, were given to Transjordan. The Jewish National Home now had an area of about 10,500 square miles. Jews were barred from living or owning property east of the Jordan river, violating Article 15 of The British Mandate for Palestine: "No discrimination of any kind shall be made between the inhabitants of Palestine on the ground of race, religion or language. No person shall be excluded from Palestine on the sole ground of his religious belief."  In 1946, Britain granted independence to Jordan, in violation of Article 25. By that time however, the League of Nations was defunct.    
Map of Palestine after Golan ceded to France1923 - Golan is Ceded to FranceThe Jewish National Home is Downsized Again - In 1923, Britain concluded a treaty with France, ceding the Golan Heights at the northeast tip of  the Palestine mandate. The "Jewish National Home" lost about 1,800 square kilometers or  694 square miles. The blue area became the territory of the British Mandate. In recent years, Palestinian Arabs have referred to this area as "Historic Palestine," but "Historic Palestine" lasted for only about 25 years in actual history.

Where is Palestine? When Arabs refer to "Palestine," they usually  mean the entire area of Israel west of the Jordan river. This is shown in outline in the emblems of the various Palestinian Arab political and terror groups, such as that of the "moderate" Fatah shown below:
Fatah Emblem
Map of UN Palestine Partition Resolution 19471947 - The Jewish National Home is Downsized AgainUN Partition Plan for Palestine: General Assembly Resolution 181 divided the remaining area of the British Mandate, about 10,000 square miles or 26,000 square kilometers, into a "Jewish state" and an "Arab state." The Jewish state was to get about 5,500 square miles of the area, and the Arab state was to get about 4,500 square miles. The Arab state was divided into three areas, and the Jewish state into two areas. The areas were theoretically contiguous, touching at two points. The Arabs rejected the partition plan and attacked Israel when it became independent.
Map of Israel Armistice lines, 19491949 - Israel Armistice Lines - Following the Israel War of Independence, armistice agreements left Israel with about 7,800 square miles or 20,200 square kilometers. The land that was to have become part of the "Arab State," about 2,200 square miles, was divided into the West Bank to the east, occupied and annexed illegally by Jordan, and the Gaza strip, on the southern shore of the Mediterranean sea, occupied and held as an administrative area by Egypt. No Arab state recognized these or any lines as borders of Israel. Nonetheless, Palestinians now insist that Israel must retreat from land conquered in the Six day war up to the 1967 lines. Israel withdrew from the Gaza strip in 2005.  

1 comment:

  1. All the territory west of the Jordan River and more belongs to the State of Israel, based on historical data, international law and agreements.
    Israel must build at least 100,000 housing units per year in Judea and Samaria for the next 10 years and more. It also needs to build 3 secure superhighway connecting Judea and Samaria to Israel.
    Construct extensive military bases in Judea and Samaria to protect the people and the country. Provide means for Jewish communities in Judea and Samaria to protect themselves and their crops and industry (with infrared cameras and dogs etc.)
    Israel also needs to build at least 50,000 housing units per year in greater Jerusalem.
    Open Atarot airport and a high tech center and more industry, and build many additional roads and secure highways in and from Jerusalem with expanded rail system.
    Israel must also build a minimum of 15,000 housing units in the Galil and 15,000 housing units in the Negev every year for the next ten years and expand the infrastructure, public transportation – fast trains, roads and highways. They have to expand industry and commerce with incentives to enhance the desire of people to live in the Galil and the Negev.
    Construct military bases and local agencies in Judea and Samaria to protect and help the people and the country.
    YJ Draiman
    P.S. The Arabs were allocated after WWI over 13 million sq. km. of territory with a wealth of oil reserves. There is already an Arab Palestinian state allocated to them in violation of International Agreements, which is on Jewish land over three times the size of Israel, east of the Jordan River; it is called Jordan where 80% of the population are Arab Palestinians and the Arabs in Judea and Samaria have a Jordanian passport.
    Oslo accords are null and void as stated by Abbas in the U.N. in the summer of 2015. Israel must dismantle the Arab PA and include Judea and Samaria as a continuous sovereign part of Israel. Transfer Arab population to Jordan, Gaza and to the homes and the over 120,000 sq. km. of homes and land the Arab countries confiscated from the Million Jewish families they expelled who now settled in The Land of Israel.
    YJ Draiman