Saturday, February 28, 2015

Timeline of the history of the region of Palestine - Prior to the 2nd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC

Timeline of the history of the region of Palestine

Prior to the 2nd millennium BC[edit]

2nd millennium BC[edit]

1st millennium BC[edit]

10th century BC[edit]

Entrance to the First Temple(20th-century painting)

9th century BC[edit]

8th century BC[edit]

7th century BC[edit]

6th century BC[edit]

The Babylonian captivity(painting by James Tissotfrom c. 1896 to 1902)

5th century BC[edit]

4th century BC[edit]

3rd century BC[edit]

2nd century BC[edit]

1st century BC[edit]

Model of the Second Temple at the Israel Museum
Birth of Jesus (painting by Gerard van Honthorstfrom 1622)

1st millennium[edit]

1st century[edit]

  • 6 AD – Romans create larger province called Iudaea, which is formed by combining Judea proper with Samaria and Idumea.[21]
  • 26–33 AD - Approximate date of the Crucifixion of Jesus
  • 66–73 AD – The First Jewish–Roman War occurs, the first uprising of Jews of the Iudaea province against the rule of the Roman Empire. The upraising fails and leads to destruction of the Jewish Temple and the conquest of Masada.
  • 70 AD - First Jewish–Roman War: The Roman Empire conquer Jerusalem and destroy the Second Jewish Temple. Jews are banned from their city by the Roman conqueror.
  • 73 AD - First Jewish–Roman War: The conquest of Masada by the Roman Empire ends the Jewish Rebellion.

2nd century[edit]

  • 130 AD – Roman emperor Hadrian builds a Roman city he called "Colonia Aelia Capitolina" on the ruins of Jerusalem.
  • 132–135 AD – The Bar Kokhba revolt takes place, the third major rebellion by the Jews of Iudaea Province against the rule of the Roman Empire. After the rebellion failed emperor Hadrian changed the name of the province from Iudaea to "Syria Palaestina" in order to complete the dissociation between the Jewish rebels to the region.

3rd century[edit]

4th century[edit]

5th century[edit]

6th century[edit]

The Madaba Mapdepiction of 6th-centuryJerusalem

7th century[edit]

The Dome of the Rock(photograph from 1856)

8th century[edit]

Scythopolis (Beit She'an) was one of the cities destroyed during theearthquake of 749
  • 749 – The Seventh Earthquake: Another powerful earthquake is recorded in the Jordan Rift Valley. The cities of TiberiasBeit She'anHippos and Pella were largely destroyed while many other cities throughout the Jordan Rift Valley region were heavily damaged. In addition, the earthquake reportedly claimed tens of thousands of victims.[25][26]
  • 750 – The Abbasids overthrew the Umayyad Caliphate.

9th century[edit]

10th century[edit]

  • 905 – The Abbasids reconquered the region.
  • 970 – The Fatimids, a self-proclaimed Shia caliphate, took control and appointed a Jewish governor.

2nd millennium[edit]

11th century[edit]

Conquest of Jerusalem in 1099during the First Crusade (painting from the middle ages)

12th century[edit]

Battle of Cresson(painting from the middle ages)

13th century[edit]

Siege of Acre(painting byDominique Papetyfrom 1840)

14th century[edit]

15th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

Walls of Jerusalem(photo taken in 2005)

17th century[edit]

18th century[edit]

Battle of Nazareth (painting by Antoine-Jean Gros from 1801)

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

Ottoman machine gunners during the Second Battle of Gaza, 1917
Emir Feisal and Chaim Weizmann during their meeting in 1918.
Palestinian Arab refugees in 1948
1948: declaration of the establishment of the State of Israel
1993: Bill Clinton , Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat after signing the Oslo Accords

3rd millennium[edit]

21st century[edit]

Summer 2006: The Second Lebanon War(photograph taken on August 15, 2006)
  • June 2002 – As a result of the significant increase of suicide bombing attacks within Israeli population centers during the first years of the Second Intifada, Israel began the construction of the West Bank Fence along the Green Line border arguing that the barrier is necessary to protect Israeli civilians from Palestinian terrorism. The significantly reduced number of incidents of suicide bombings from 2002 to 2005 has been partly attributed to the barrier.[36] The barrier's construction, which has been highly controversial, became a major issue of contention between the two sides.
  • 23 August 2005 – Israel's unilateral disengagement plan: The evacuation of 25 Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip and West Bank is completed.
  • 12 July – 14 August 2006 – The Second Lebanon War took place, which began as a military operation in response to the abduction of two Israeli reserve soldiers by the Hezbollah, and gradually grew to a wider conflict.
  • 27 December 2008 – 18 January 2009 – Operation Cast Lead: IDF forces conducted a large-scale military operation in the Gaza Strip during which dozens of targets were attacked in the Gaza Strip in response to ongoing rocket fire on the western Negev.
  • 14 November 2012 – 21 November 2012 – Operation Pillar of Cloud: IDF forces launches a large-scale military operation in the Gaza Strip in response to Palestinian militants firing over a hundred rockets from the Gaza Strip into southern Israel beginning on 10 November, with the aims of restoring quiet to southern Israel and to strike at what it considers terror organizations.[37] The operation officially began with the assassination of Ahmed Jabari, chief of the Gaza military wing of Hamas.[38]
  • 29 November 2012 – United Nations General Assembly resolution 67/19: Upgrading of Palestine to non-member observer state status in the United Nations.[39]

See also[edit]