Saturday, February 28, 2015

Israel Ancient period Timeline

Israel Ancient period Timeline

Proto-Canaanite period[edit]

Canaanite and New Kingdom Egyptian period[edit]

Independent Israel and Judah (House of David) period[edit]

Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian Empires period[edit]

Illustration from the Nuremberg Chronicle of the destruction of Jerusalem under the Babylonian rule

Persian (Achaemenid) Empire period[edit]

Classical antiquity[edit]

Hellenistic Kingdoms (Ptolemaic / Seleucid) period[edit]

Kingdoms of the Diadochi and others before the battle of Ipsus, circa 303 BCE
The Seleucid Empire in c.200 BCE
Hasmonean Kingdom at its greatest extent under Salome Alexandra

Hasmonean kingdom[edit]

Early Roman period[edit]

Extent of the Roman Empire under Augustus, 30BCE – 6AD
Pompey in the Temple, 63 BCE (Jean Fouquet 1470–1475)
Jesus at the Temple (Giovanni Paolo Pannini c. 1750)
The siege of Jerusalem, 70AD (David Roberts, 1850)
  • 7–26 Brief period of peace, relatively free of revolt and bloodshed in Judea and Galilee[28]
  • c.12 The 12-year-old Jesus travels to Jerusalem on Passover, as he did every year[29] and is found in the Temple (Biblical sources only).
  • 28-30 CE: Three year Ministry of Jesus, during which a number of key events took place in Jerusalem, including: (Biblical sources only)
Flevit super illam” (He wept over it); by Enrique Simonet, 1892.
  • 30 CE: Key events in the martyrdom of Jesus which took place in Jerusalem (Biblical sources only)

Late Roman period (Aelia Capitolina)[edit]

The Roman empire at its peak under Hadrian showing the location of the Roman legions deployed in 125 CE.

Late Antiquity period[edit]

Byzantine period[edit]

Europe after the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476
Helena finding the True Cross (Italian manuscript, c.825)
The Madaba Map depiction of sixth-century Jerusalem

Middle Ages[edit]

RashidunUmayyad and Abbasid Caliphates period[edit]

The expansion of the caliphate under the Umayyads.
  Expansion under Muhammad, 622–632
  Expansion during the Rashidun Caliphate, 632–661
  Expansion during the Umayyad Caliphate, 661-750
An anachronistic map of the various de facto independent emirates after the Abbasids lost their military dominance (c. 950).

Fatimid Caliphate period[edit]

The Fatimid Caliphate at its greatest extent

Kingdom of Jerusalem (Crusaders) period[edit]

Crusader states in 1180
The capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders on 15 July 1099
1. The Holy Sepulcher, 2. The Dome of the Rock, 3. Ramparts
A woodcut of Jerusalem in the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493

AyyubidMamluk Bahri and Mamluk Burji period[edit]

Jerusalem under the Ayyubid dynasty after the death of Saladin, 1193
The Bahri Mamluk Dynasty 1250–1382

Early modern period[edit]

Early Ottoman period[edit]

The Ottoman Empire in 1683, showing Jerusalem

Modern era[edit]

Decline of the Ottoman Empire period[edit]

Map of Jerusalem in 1883
"Independent" Vilayet of Jerusalem shown within Ottoman administrative divisions in the Levant after the reorganisation of 1887–88

British Mandate period[edit]

Zones of French and British influence and control proposed in the Sykes-Picot Agreement
General Allenby enters Jerusalem on foot out of respect for the Holy City, 11 December 1917

Partition between Israel and Jordan[edit]

Israeli period[edit]

The Temple Mount as it appears today. The Western Wall is in the foreground with the Dome of the Rock in the background
  • 6 June: The Battle of Ammunition Hill takes place in the northern part of Jordanian controlled East Jerusalem
  • 7 June: The Old City is captured by the IDF.
  • 10 June: The Moroccan Quarter including 135 houses and the Al-Buraq mosque is demolished, creating a plaza in front of the Western Wall
  • 28 June: Israel declares Jerusalem unified and announces free access to holy sites of all religions.

Graphical Overview of Jerusalem's Historical Periods[edit]

Positions on JerusalemOccupation of the West Bank and East Jerusalem by JordanBritish EmpireOttoman EmpireMamluk Sultanate (Cairo)Ayyubid EmpireKingdom of JerusalemAyyubid EmpireKingdom of JerusalemSeljuq EmpireFatimid CaliphateAbbasid CaliphateUmayyad CaliphateRashidun CaliphateByzantineSassanid EmpireByzantineRoman EmpireHasmonean dynastySyrian WarsAchaemenid EmpireNeo-Babylonian EmpireNeo-Assyrian EmpireHistory of ancient Israel and JudahJebusiteEgyptian New KingdomCanaan

See also[edit]

Other cities in Israel


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