Tuesday, May 26, 2015

Proof of the Legal and Moral Right of Israel to Exist as a Sovereign State


Proof of the Legal and Moral Right of Israel to Exist as a Sovereign State

by Jeremy James



This paper demonstrates that the modern state of  Israel was constituted on valid legal and moral grounds and that the
       
Palestinian problem has been deliberately engineered
       by radical Islam in order to destroy it.


1. The Plight of the Palestinian Arabs
Hardly any fair-minded person would deny that the treatment of the Palestinian Arabs has been deplorable. There are some 2,345,000 living in the West Bank and 1,416,000 in the Gaza Strip, all in circumstances inimical to their economic viability, their
security  and  their  dignity.  Many  live  in  conditions  of  abject  poverty,  while
unemployment is extremely high - around 40% in Gaza. How could such a situation have arisen?
Demographics
Most westerners are bombarded with information about the plight of the Palestinians, but have little knowledge of their history. Worldwide about 12 million people
describe themselves as Palestinian. Most are Muslim, but a small proportion, about 6%, are Christian.
In addition to the Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza, there are about 1.3
million  living  in         ‘green  line’  Israel  where they comprise            17.5%  of the total
population.
Other  geographical  regions  in  the  Middle  East  with  a  significant  Palestinian
population include Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia:



Palestinians
Jordan                     2,700,000
Syria                           435,000
Lebanon                     405,000
Saudi Arabia               327,000


National           Percentage
Population          Palestinian
6,316,000           42.7%
21,900,000             2.0%
4,224,000             9.6%
25,700,000             1.3%





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These figures immediately prompt three important questions:
-  Why are so many Palestinians living peacefully in Israel if they are
    
supposed to be enemies?
-  Why don’t neighbouring Arab countries absorb a larger proportion
    of the Palestinians currently confined to Gaza and the West Bank?
-  Why is the Palestinian population of Jordan so high (42%)?
Please keep these three questions in mind as we proceed since the answers shed remarkable light on the entire Middle-Eastern situation.
2. The History of Palestine
The Jews entered the land of Canaan, today’s Israel, and established a home there around 1500 BC. In the thousand year period after Solomon, a number of different empires - Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, Egyptian, Greek and Roman - conquered or claimed sovereignty over all or part of this territory.
The Diaspora
After the fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD a large proportion of the Jewish population was evicted en masse from their homeland by the Romans. This policy was pursued with equal vigour after the Bar Kokhba Revolt in 132-135 AD. Only a small number of
Jews, mostly the poorest of the poor, were allowed to remain. This massive dispersion, known as the Diaspora, was not reversed to any significant extent until the Jews
began to return to their homeland in the mid 19th century when the territory, then
known as Palestine, was under Ottoman rule. The literature and culture of the Jews
during the entire period of the Diaspora reflected a desire to return to their homeland,
but social, economic and military impediments prevented them from doing so.
Successive Empires
With the slow disintegration of the western half of the Roman Empire, Palestine came under the administration of Byzantium, the largely autonomous eastern half, in 324
AD. The invading Muslims took it over in 638 AD and the locus of administration
switched from Byzantium (today’s Istanbul) to Damascus (under the Ummayads) and then to Baghdad (under the Abbasids). In 1096 AD, during the First Crusade,
Jerusalem fell to the Christians. The Crusaders were finally driven from Palestine by the Mameluks - a powerful Islamic dynasty based in Egypt - in 1291 AD. When the Mameluks were defeated in turn by the Ottomans in 1517 AD, the administration of Palestine was directed thereafter from Constantinople (yet again) and remained under Ottoman rule until their empire collapsed after the First World War.
Two important points should be noted in this historical review. Firstly, while the land of Canaan had, for over 1,500 years, been identified exclusively with the indigenous Jewish population until the first century AD, with its capital in Jerusalem, it had
ceased to have a distinct political identity thereafter. Instead it became a small
province within a series of extensive empires. Furthermore, with the expulsion of
most of its Jewish population in the Diaspora, the land was neither irrigated nor
cultivated in a systematic manner thereafter and eventually deteriorated to the point
where it was of little agrarian value. It was used mainly by wandering Bedouin, a very
small population of urban dwellers, and as a trading route between Africa and Asia.

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Secondly, for the duration of the Ottoman Empire, and long before, geographical
areas were distinguished mainly by reference to tribal boundaries, proximity to large
towns, or by inclusion in an administrative district for taxation purposes. The empire
itself was the only sovereign entity in the Middle East and nation states as such did
not exist.
The Post-War Carve-Up
This system was completely obliterated with the fall of the Ottoman Empire. For the first time in 1,800 years these vast tracts of land were without an internationally recognised political identity. This is why the western powers acted quickly to reconfigure the Empire, either as a number of sovereign states or as a group of autonomous regions overseen by Britain and France.
The British had already envisaged this outcome when, in 1916, they made a secret
draft agreement with France - known as the Sykes-Picot Agreement - which specified
how the Ottoman Empire would be carved up between them when the war was over.
There had long been sympathy among a segment of the British aristocracy for the
establishment of a homeland for the Jews in Palestine. This segment happened to have sufficient political influence around this time to extract a commitment from the
British government to create such a homeland. This was given effect through the
famous  Balfour  Declaration  when,  with  Cabinet  approval,  the British  Foreign
Secretary, Arthur Balfour, sent a letter of intent to one of the most powerful men in
the world at that time, Baron Lionel Walter Rothschild. Dated 2 November 1917, it
read as follows:
"His Majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."
Never has a single sentence been more controversial.
The British government was almost certainly influenced in its decision by a desire to
retain favour, under wartime conditions, with the Jewish element of the international 
banking system. It is likely that, at a critical juncture in its conflict with Germany, the British offered Palestine to the Zionists in return for a Jewish commitment to bring
America into the War. Their attitude was to change, however, when it became
increasingly apparent that, in pursuing this policy, the British were alienating the Arab world.
The role of a ruthless, dynastic institution like the Rothschilds in the creation of the state of Israel, and their involvement thereafter in aspects of its development, would suggest that they had longterm plans, within the Illuminati framework, for this new nation state which had nothing whatever to do with the welfare of the Jewish people. While this is undoubtedly an important theme, it goes beyond the remit of this paper and will not be examined further.



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The Arab Reaction
The Arabs had put considerable pressure on the British to secure control over as much Arab-populated territory in the former Ottoman Empire as they possibly could. In
doing so they were prepared to make concessions regarding a Jewish homeland in
Palestine if it would guarantee the transfer of the vast majority of the remaining
territory into their hands. They had been subject to Turkish control for more than four centuries and were extremely anxious to take maximum advantage of the changes that were now taking place.
The Arabs based their claims on their contribution to the British war effort in the so-called Arab Revolt against the Turks. This contribution involved occasional disruptions to traffic along the Hedjaz railway by a rag-tag Bedouin force of only 600 men. While
probably not big enough to be called a sideshow, it was exaggerated shamelessly by
T.E.Lawrence in his self-promotional work, The Seven Pillars of Wisdom.
Paris Peace Conference 1919
At the hastily convened Paris Peace Conference in 1919, the international community hammered out a detailed agreement regarding the disposal of the vast territory of the former Ottoman Empire. A further meeting of the Allied Supreme Council was held in San Remo in 1920 to resolve residual matters, including the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Then, in June 1922, the League of Nations formally assigned Britain the Mandate for Palestine.
It is important to note that Emir Feisal, the principal Arab representative at the Paris Peace Conference, had earlier signed a formal agreement with the principal Jewish representative, Chaim Weizmann, which confirmed that the Arab people welcomed the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. It opened as follows:
“His Royal Highness the Emir Feisal, representing and acting on behalf of the Arab Kingdom of Hedjaz, and Dr. Chaim Weizmann, representing and acting on behalf of the Zionist Organization, mindful of the racial kinship
and ancient bonds existing between the Arabs and the Jewish people, and
realizing that the surest means of working out the consummation of their
natural aspirations is through the closest possible collaboration in the
development of the Arab State and Palestine, and being desirous further of confirming the good understanding which exists between them, have agreed upon the following...” - Feisal-Weizmann Agreement, 3 January 1919
The various Articles which followed addressed such matters as the rights of Arabs living in the Jewish state of Palestine, the creation of a commission to define the boundaries of such a state, and the implementation of such measures as may be necessary for the effective implementation of the Balfour Declaration.
Arab Acceptance in Principle
It is clear from the Feisal-Weizmann Agreement that the Arabs had no problem in principle with the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine and that they did they not see any difficulty with Arabs living in such a state.




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The San Remo Resolution of 1920, which was confirmed by the League of Nations, incorporated  the  Balfour  Declaration.  However  the  precise  boundaries  of  the territories to be allocated to the Jewish state were still not determined.
Interestingly, the Jewish proposal at the Paris conference was based, not on a claim to the entire Mandate of Palestine, which comprised territory corresponding to both Israel and Jordan today, but only to the land west of the Hedjaz railway - see map on next page. This left plenty of territory for the Mandate’s small Arab population. The first British census of Palestine in 1922 revealed a total population of 757,000 across the entire territory of the Mandate (which comprised some 35,000 square miles). Of these, 78% were Muslim, 11% Jewish and 10% Christian. Arabs were to be allowed to live in the proposed (but as yet undefined) Jewish homeland, though seemingly not in such numbers as to constitute a significant minority.
Arab and British Abrogation of Agreements
However, once the Arabs got what they wanted in the Ottoman carve-up, they
reneged on their commitment to recognise and live peacefully with the proposed
Jewish state in Palestine. Instead they worked closely with the British, who bowed to Arab pressure, to frustrate Jewish immigration into their proposed new homeland and
to greatly increase the number of ‘indigenous’ Arabs living in western Palestine.
What is more the British reneged, at least in part, on their Balfour / San Remo
commitment and unilaterally divided Palestine in two. The region west of the Jordan River would henceforth constitute the territory from which the proposed Jewish
homeland would be formed, while the region east of the Jordan River (the country
known today as Jordan), which comprised no less than 73% of the Mandate, would be
surrendered 
exclusively to the Arabs and no Jews would be allowed to settle there.
By any reckoning, this was a remarkable triumph for the Arabs. Not only had they
succeeded in acquiring control over the vast majority of the Ottoman territory, but
they had left the Jews with significantly less than they had been guaranteed by the
British and her allies. Furthermore, the question of how much of the remaining
Mandate territory would fall to the Jews was still far from settled. The Arabs
reckoned that, if they put even more pressure on the British, the proposed Jewish
homeland could be whittled down even further, even to the point where it would be strategically indefensible.
Their intransigence worked and the Foreign Office in London began to obstruct Jewish immigration into the only part of Palestine that the Jews were still allowed to enter, namely the portion west of the Jordan River. This, too, was in contravention of the Mandate conditions approved by the League of Nations.









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Map showing the boundaries of the
proposed Jewish state, as outlined by the  Zionist  representatives  at  the
1919 Paris Peace Conference, super-imposed on modern boundaries.















Thus, from a situation where they could reasonably expect a sizeable slice of the original Mandate territory (which was 35,126 square miles in extent), the Jews were being confined to an area of only 10,429 square miles, with the real prospect that this could be reduced even further. As World War Two approached and tensions grew between Britain and Germany, the Foreign Office was increasingly guided by the need to retain favour with the Arabs. Despite the appalling persecution of Jews in Europe during the 1930s, the British continued to make it as difficult as possible for any more Jews to enter West Palestine (They were already banned from entering East Palestine). The British supplemented this strategy by violating the legal terms of the Mandate and allowing virtually unlimited Arab immigration into West Palestine -
which was supposed to become the Jewish homeland..






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British Duplicity and Arab Terrorism
In addition to this, the Arabs were engaging in an ongoing programme of harassment against the Jews in West Palestine, committing a long series of terrorist atrocities
during the 1920s. These culminated in the murder of 67 Jews living in Hebron on 23-24 August 1929 (To their credit, nineteen local Arab families hid some 435 Jews, at
risk to their own lives). The British army did nothing to prevent this massacre, even
though it could easily have intervened. Any remaining Jews had to be evacuated for
their own safety.
This atrocity made it abundantly clear to the Jews that the British were prepared to let the Arabs wipe them out, so they substantially enhanced their own paramilitary defence organisation, the Haganah.
The Arab terrorist attacks continued all through the 1930s and reached their zenith in what history describes as another ‘Arab Revolt’ (1936-1939). This was an organised
campaign of violence directed by senior figures in the Arab community, purportedly
in protest at the continued immigration of Jews into West Palestine. The irony is that
the actual number of Jewish immigrants, whose influx was very tightly controlled by 
the British, was only a fraction of what it should have been under the League of
Nations Mandate. On the other hand, Arabs continued to migrate in large numbers
into West Palestine. In order to disguise this influx, the British recorded Jewish
immigrants only, not Arab. They also put pressure on other European countries not to allow their Jews to emigrate to Palestine. It is reckoned that more than a million
additional Jews would have emigrated to Palestine from Europe during the 1930s had
they been allowed (Most of these were subsequently murdered by the Nazis).
Not only did the British make every effort to restrict Jewish immigration, but they
confined those who were admitted to designated areas. This meant that, if and when a Jewish homeland was ultimately established, the Jewish claim, which would relate
largely to areas settled by Jews, would be further constrained. And this is exactly
what happened.
In order to break the spirit of Zionism and to win favour with the Arabs, the British Government published a White Paper in 1939 which completely overturned the Balfour Declaration and promised to create an Arab state in West Palestine within a short time. The fact that this was in complete violation of international law did not seem to matter to the British.
UN Resolution, 1947
After World War Two, when news of the Holocaust became widely known, there was a renewed international impetus to resolve the plight of the Jews and create a
homeland for them in West Palestine - the only part of Palestine that was still
available. Weakened by the war and losing confidence in their ability to deal with the Palestine question, the British passed the entire matter to the United Nations for
decision. When the Jews were finally offered nationhood by the UN (Resolution 181 of 29 November 1947), the frontiers of their new state were determined mainly on the
basis of the land they already inhabited - just as the British had intended.




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As we have already noted, the original Palestine Mandate was 35,126 square miles in extent, but after East Palestine had been handed unilaterally to the Arabs (known today as Jordan), the western portion comprised just 10,429 square miles. The UN decreed that 57% of this would be given to the Jews for their proposed homeland - an area of 6,177 square miles which included the semi-arid and inhospitable Negev Desert (which covered 4,700 square miles!)

United Nations Resolution on West Palestine, 1947
Arab population                  Jewish population
Jerusalem                                  105,000                               100,000
Jewish State                              325,000                               498,000
Arab State                                807,000                                10,000
Despite the miniscule size of their proposed homeland, three quarters of which was
desert, the half million or so Jews who lived there were required by the UN to share it with 325,000 settled Arabs, plus a further 90,000 or so Bedouin who wandered the
Negev. In contrast, the portion of West Palestine that the UN offered the Arabs was inhabited by just 10,000 or so Jews. (Under the UN decision, Jerusalem, which had an
equal mixture of Arabs and Jews, was to be designated an international zone.)
Thus, in the redistribution of the vast territory of the Ottoman Empire, an area of around 1.1 million square miles, the Jews got less than 1 per cent.
The total number of Jews in the Empire at the start of the 20th century has been
estimated at 500,000, while that of the Empire as a whole was 20 million or
thereabouts. Had the Empire been redistributed on a pro rata basis to the various
ethnic groups living within its borders in 1917, the Jews would have received a much larger slice of Ottoman territory than they were ultimately awarded through the UN. (By the same token, the Kurds, another significant ethnic group, should have been
given a homeland of their own, but their needs were shamefully ignored.)
Even if the Zionist movement had never pressed Britain, the US and the League of
Nations for a Jewish homeland in the late 19th and early 20th century, there would still have been a need to set aside a contiguous parcel of land somewhere within the
former Empire to enable this scattered and oppressed ethnic group to relocate for their own protection. Indeed, the Balfour Declaration was an implied recognition of this
fact.
Two Remarkable Surprises
There seemed to be no basis on which the Jews could accept the UN offer. The
amount of land they were being given was ridiculously small. In addition, they were expected to share it with an almost equally large Arab population which, under
wartime conditions, might act as a fifth column. To make matters worse, the proposed territory was divided into three indefensible segments. For example, the tract of land along the Mediterranean was a narrow corridor less than ten miles across (See map on next page).




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Map showing the three small parcels of land approved by the UN in
1947 to form the state of 
Israel (in light blue) and
those offered to the
Arabs (in orange).
Jerusalem was defined as an ‘international zone’.
The blue coastal segment
is no more than 10 miles 
across.
Note that the Negev
Desert  comprises most
of the blue segment
below Beersheba
 .










One historian noted the contradictions in this ‘solution’ as follows:
The borders between the Arab and the Jewish states [under the UN Resolution] were a nightmare of points and lines of friction, of isolated areas lacking in viable contiguity; and, last but not least, a demographic  absurdity  characterised  the  proposed  Jewish  state where 500,000  Jews  were  supposed  to  coexist  with  an  Arab ‘minority’ of close to the same size. - Ben-Ami, p.34






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The Arabs, on the other hand, were being made an incredibly generous offer. They already had East Palestine (Jordan) - which was free of Jews - and were now being given a second autonomous state - which happened to have only a small number of settled Jews. Not only would they end up with 82 per cent of the Palestine Mandate, but they could also be confident that, from a strategic standpoint, the three meagre parcels of land which comprised the Jewish homeland could never pose a meaningful threat to their Arab neighbours.
Against all expectations, the Jews accepted the UN declaration, but the Arabs rejected it. The perversity of the Arab attitude, which has asserted itself many times since, was summed up by Ben-Ami as follows:
The Palestinians themselves, in what became a sad and self-defeating
pattern of political behaviour, acted as the worst enemies of their own
cause and did their utmost to prevent the creation of their state.  (p.60)
It was clear to all concerned that the Arab rejection was based on their belief that the
fledgling Jewish state was too small to defend itself against a co-ordinated military
invasion. The British had reinforced the perception that Israel could be strangled at
birth  by providing  the  Arabs  with  ample  weaponry and  experienced  military
personnel. At the same time, they blocked all attempts by the Jews to import arms for defensive purposes.
The Arabs also expected to weaken Israel in the months leading up to independence
by conducting a vicious terror campaign against Jewish civilian targets. Many Jews,
including women and children, were murdered in a frenzied attempt to undermine
Israeli morale and to incite the local Arab population in the Jewish-settled areas to
rise against Zionism. (As it happened, only 4000 Arabs inside Israel gave support to
the invading armies.)
The Foundation of Israel
Despite the Arab rejection, the UN stood over its decision and the Jews declared the independent state of Israel on 14 May, 1948. This was the first time since Sargon II conquered the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 722 BC that a united, self-governing Jewish homeland had existed.
The very next day, 15 May, combined Arab armies attacked Israel on three fronts.
Their stated aim was the total annihilation of Israel which, presumably, would have entailed the slaughter of all Jews who resisted and the eviction (or worse) of those
who were left. Bear in mind, when considering this scenario, that these Arab armies -from Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia - were converging on a
tiny strip of land which was bound on one side by the sea. What is more, the invaders already had possession of three significant strategic assets - the Golan Heights, the
West Bank and Gaza.






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It is notable that the Jordanian army included 48 experienced British officers, led by Major General John Glubb (‘Glubb Pasha’). It would seem the British determination to prevent the creation of a Jewish state had not abated after World War II, despite the slaughter of the Holocaust.
The War of 1948
Even though it was at an enormous strategic disadvantage, Israel survived the
invasion and even secured additional territory, growing from 6,177 to 7,820 square
miles - an increase of almost 27 per cent. Though still a tiny, vulnerable state
surrounded by formidable enemies, it would now be in a better position to defend
itself against a similar attack in the future. But success came at a price. In the course of the war it lost 1 per cent of its Jewish population - a very high rate of attrition by international standards.
Most observers expected the invaders to destroy Israel. The Arabs, who enjoyed a
number of significant - and normally decisive - military advantages, were supremely
confident of victory.   As Azzam Pasha, Secretary General of the Arab Leagues, said 
just prior to the invasion: “This will be a war of extermination and a momentous
massacre which will be spoken of like the Mongolian massacres and the Crusades.” .
The shock of defeat, the sheer humiliation, had a devastating effect on the Islamic
psyche. To this day it is referred to among Arabs as “the Catastrophe” (al-Nakba).
Their defeat reflected, not just on their military prowess and their deep sense of racial superiority, but on their religion and the supposed omnipotence of their god, Allah. To lose in such a manner to a tiny Dhimmi state that was only a day old, having
possessed almost overwhelming strategic advantages from the outset, was truly a
catastrophe.
It is impossible to understand the obstinacy, intransigence and arrogance of the Arab attitude toward Israel over the past 60 years without recognising the dreadful loss of face and the astonishing blow to their pride which came with their defeat in 1948.
Despite two subsequent wars in 1967 and 1973, in which massed Arab armies again tried to exterminate the tiny Jewish state, the Israelis prevailed and even strengthened their position. The war of 1967 gave them Sinai (including Gaza), east Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Golan Heights, all of which, as victors in a defensive war against a genocidal invader, they were entitled to retain in perpetuity.
Questions and Answers
Additional historical analysis of the Arab-Israeli conflict will be presented where appropriate in the remainder of this paper.
Having set the scene as it were, we will now focus on the principal questions that
most westerners appear to have regarding the legitimacy of the state of Israel and its
treatment of the Palestinian Arabs, both before its foundation in 1948 and thereafter.






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1. Surely the Arabs who had already settled in West Palestine, and who had been there for generations (“time immemorial”), were equally entitled to the land and should have been given a state of their own?
There are four major assumptions embedded in this question.
Firstly, the question assumes that West Palestine was continuously settled for
centuries by a substantial population of Arabs, just like the surrounding regions
(Syria, Lebanon, Jordan). However this is not the case. The land was sigificantly
under-populated during the Ottoman period. Having been neglected for so long, the
soil had deteriorated to the point where it was of little agrarian value. Visitors to the 
Holy Land in the 19th century, such as Mark Twain and Karl Marx, were greatly
surprised by the emptiness of the terrain, the barrenness of the soil and the tiny size of the population. The indigenous people, mostly Arabs, Jews and Christians, were
confined in the main to a few towns, where living conditions were primitive. The
Ottomans had not invested in the country and there was no infrastructure to speak of.
Secondly, the Jews had continuously maintained an unbroken presence in Palestine
since the destruction of the Temple in 70 AD. The numbers were not large, but a
remnant always remained. Whether the land was controlled by the eastern Roman
empire, the Ummayad, Abbasid or Fatimid empires, the Christian Crusaders (who
butchered many Jews), or the Ottoman Turks, the Jews continued to maintain a
sufficient presence in the land to be recognised by these conquerors as an indigenous people.
They also continued to migrate into West Palestine, albeit in small numbers, during the entire period of the Diaspora. As Katz noted:
In spite of bans and prohibitions, in spite of the most improbable and unpromising circumstances, there was never a period throughout the centuries of exile without Jewish immigration to Palestine. (p.95)
Thirdly, the question assumes that the Palestinian Arabs were never given a state of their own. As we have already seen, this assumption is completely false. The British gave the Arabs the entire Mandate region east of the Jordan River (77% of Palestine) in 1922 and called it Trans-Jordan - presumably to disguise the fact that it was
actually Palestine. They did this unilaterally, in violation of the San Remo agreement and international law. Furthermore, Jews were forbidden to settle in this new
Palestinian state.
Finally, the question assumes that the Arabs in West Palestine - who could have
relocated to the new Palestinian state of Trans-Jordan - were denied sovereign
entitlement to part of West Palestine. As we have seen the UN offered the Arabs a
state of their own in West Palestine in 1947 (in addition to the one they had already been given in East Palestine) but they refused it, almost certainly on the basis that
they expected to overrun and destroy the fledgling state of Israel the following year,
murder or evict the entire Jewish population, and claim the whole of Palestine, East 
and West, as their own.



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Much misunderstanding has arisen, even among those who ought to know better, from a failure to recognise these unfounded assumptions.

2. But many Arab families lost their homes in West Palestine after the Jews forced them out. How could this be fair?
When the Jews first began to return to Palestine in large numbers in the mid-19th century, they were obliged to pay exorbitant prices for the land sold to them by the effendis, the absentee Arab landlords living in Aleppo, Damascus, Amman and elsewhere. These prices were often 4-5 times the fair value of the property.
Many of these Jews were driven from their homes in other Arab countries, for which they received no compensation. (In 1945 there were about 800,000 Jews living in
Arab countries. Today that figure is a mere 8,000.) It has been estimated that the
number of Jews who lost property in this way was at least double the number of
Arabs who left West Palestine 'temporarily' in 1947-1948 and lost property as a
result.
It is also assumed that the Arabs had been settled in West Palestine for generations, but this is not the case. A significant number, at least 200,000, arrived in the 20th century, attracted by the prospect of employment by Jewish immigrants who were
redeveloping the land and producing crops where none had grown for generations. It was worth their while to relocate since the Jewish farmers were offering better pay
and conditions of employment than the same Arab workers would have enjoyed in
their own countries. And this is why Palestinian Arabs continue to live in Israel today
- their overall living conditions and their general treatment is better than they could expect to enjoy in any neighbouring Muslim state.
3.   That may be so but it does not excuse the fact that many Arabs left West Palestine because they were effectively driven out by Jewish threats. Surely this cannot be justified?
One must consider the magnitude of the threats to which the Jews in West Palestine were themselves subject. As Ben-Ami noted:
It was then [just prior to the Arab invasion] that the Jews really felt they faced slaughter should they be defeated and that the survival of the incipient Jewish state hung by a mere thread. (p.56)
Despite having initially facilitated the creation of a Jewish homeland, the British
thereafter had consistently obstructed all attempts to create a Jewish state, while the
Arabs had been commiting atrocities against Jewish settlers on a fairly regular basis 
from the start of the 20th century. These attacks had increased in frequency and
intensity after the Hebron massacre of 1929 and numerous Arabs leaders, including the Grand Mufti in Jerusalem, had called for the total annihilation of the Jews in West Palestine. This was not empty rhetoric. The Grand Mufti had advised Hitler on the
mass slaughter of Jews in Europe and had even requested that large numbers of
European Jews be forcibly transferred to Poland lest any migrate to West Palestine. He knew well the fate that awaited them in Poland, where millions died at the hands of the Nazis:

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"The Mufti was one of the initiators of the systematic extermination of
European Jewry and had been a collaborator and adviser of Eichmann
and Himmler in the execution of this plan...He was one of Eichmann's 
best  friends  and  had  constantly  incited  him  to  accelerate  the
extermination  measures." - Dieter Wisliceny (Eichmann’s deputy)
giving evidence at the Nuremburg Trials [Wisliceny was hanged as a war criminal in 1948]
After the Holocaust, the Jews of West Palestine knew only too well that the Arab threat of genocide was very real. As a result their fears translated in some instances into actions which cannot be justified. However, the popular claim that the Arabs were driven from West Palestine by Jewish threats and aggression do not stand up to scrutiny.  Here  is  how  Samuel  Katz  described  it  in  his  tightly argued  book, Battleground: Fact and Fantasy in Palestine (1973):
The  fabrication  can  most  easily  be  detected  by  the  simple
circumstance that at the time the alleged expulsion of the Arabs by
Zionists was in progress, nobody noticed it. Foreign newspapermen
abounded in the country...even those most hostile to the Jews saw
nothing to suggest that the flight [of the Arabs] was not voluntary. In the three months that the major part of the flight took place, the
London  Times,  a  newspaper  most  notably  hostile  to  Zionism,
published 11 leading articles on the situation in Palestine, in addition
to extensive news reports. In none was there even a remote hint that 
the  Zionists  were  driving  Arabs  from  their  homes...Even  more
pertinent: No Arab spokesman made such a charge. At the height of the flight, the Palestinian Arabs' chief U.N. representative, Jamal
Husseini, made a long political statement (on April 27, 1948) that was not lacking in hostility toward the Zionists; [but] he did not mention refugees...The secretary-general of the Arab League, Azzam Pasha,
made a fiercely worded political statement on Palestine; it contained not a word about refugees...When, four months after the [war began], the prospect of the flightlings' returning "in a few weeks" had faded, there were some recriminations. Emil Ghoury, a member of the
Palestinian Arabs' national leadership, said in an interview with the
Beirut Daily Telegraph: "The fact that there are these [Arab] refugees is the direct consequence of the action of the Arab states in opposing partition and the Jewish state. The Arab states agreed upon this policy unanimously, and they must share in the solution of the problem."
The author was a member of Irgun and served for a time as advisor to Prime Minister Begin.  No  doubt  his  enemies  would  have  taken  considerable  satisfaction  in disproving his sources and refuting his analysis had they been able to do so.








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Ben-Ami, who gives a very uncompromising analysis of the Arab-Israeli conflict of 1948, stated that
[T]he mass exodus was, however, inadvertently encouraged by the leaders of the Palestinian community when, in their eagerness to trigger the invasion of Palestine by the Arab armies, they blew up out of all proportion the atrocities committed against Arab civilians. The Arab armies came in eventually, but by puffing up the atrocities, local leaders such as Dr Hussein Fakhri Al-Khalidi, the head of the Arab National Committee in Jerusalem who gave explicit instructions to the Palestinian media to inflate the reports, helped enhance the magnitude of an exodus driven by fear and hysteria. [p.44]
Bard commented as follows:
The Haganah did employ psychological warfare to encourage the
Arabs to abandon some villages. For example, some were told that a large Jewish invasion force was coming to burn their villages and that they had better get out...Arab fears were exacerbated by fabricated
stories of Jewish atrocities following the attack on Deir Yassin. In his memoirs,  King  Abdullah  of  Jordan  stated, “The  tragedy of  the
Palestinians was that most of their leaders had paralyzed them with
false and unsubstantiated promises that they were not alone; that 80
million  Arabs  and 400  million  Muslims  would  instantly  and
miraculously come to their rescue.” [pps.128 and 132]
It is also significant that The Economist reported as follows on 2 October, 1948:
Of the 62,000 Arabs who formerly lived in Haifa not more than 5,000 or 6,000 remained. Various factors influenced their decision to seek safety in flight. There is little doubt that the most potent of the factors were the announcements made over the air by the Higher Arab Executive, urging the Arabs to quit...It was clearly intimated that those Arabs who remained in Haifa and accepted Jewish protection would be regarded as renegades.
A few years later, the New York Lebanese daily newspaper, Al Hoda, reported:
The Secretary General of the Arab League, Azzam Pasha, assured
the Arab peoples that the occupation of Palestine and of Tel Aviv
would be as simple as a military promenade...He pointed out that
they were already on the frontiers and that all the millions the Jews
had spent of land and economic development would be easy booty, 
for it would be a simple matter to throw Jews into the Mediterr-
anean...Brotherly advice was given to the Arabs of Palestine to leave their  land,  homes,  and  property  and  to  stay  temporarily  in
neighboring fraternal states, lest the guns of the invading Arab
armies mow them down. [Habib Issa, 8 June 1951]




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Israel is actually a very small state




































Katz, who made extensive use of published Arab sources, as well as reports and
dispatches by British reporters and public servants who were patently hostile to the
Jewish cause, drew attention to the fact that the British government ordered the
destruction of a significant number of official files in order to cover up their
complicity in the Arab campaign against the Jews. In addition to the file series
relating to the Haganah and another entitled ‘Propaganda Among the Arabs,’ which dealt with the British policy of inciting Arabs against Jews, Katz noted that



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[t]he entire correspondence between the Palestine administration and its chiefs at the Colonial Office in London relating to the records of the meetings of the Executive Council (in effect the Cabinet) of the Palestine government had been “destroyed under statute.”
These files, had they been available, would have shed copious light on the extent to which the British had, for almost the entire duration of the Mandate, incited the Arabs to revolt against the Jews and had trained and financed Arab terrorists. They even
created the Arab League (in 1945) to stiffen Arab resistance to the creation of the
Jewish state. These deceitful tactics were similar to those adopted by Britain in
Kenya, Aden and elsewhere during its imperial decline. Finally, as we have already noted, the British published a White Paper in 1939 which completely overturned the
Balfour Declaration and announced that West Palestine would in due course become 
an Arab state.

4. If the Arabs countries have made, and continue to make, every effort to resolve the Palestinian refugee problem, then why should Israel default on its obligations in this regard?
This is a common myth. The truth of the matter is that the nations of Islam have
continually done everything in their power to retain the Palestinian refugee problem
and to use it as a rod to beat Israel. The United Nations offered them their own state 
(in addition to Jordan) in West Palestine in 1947, but they refused the offer. Then
Jordan annexed the West Bank in 1950 (which it had already occupied for two years) and was in a position to declare a new Palestinian state in that territory during the
following 17 years, before it lost the West Bank to Israel in 1967. However, it made
no attempt to do so. Here is how Kumaraswamy (2006) put it (Introduction, p.59):
Even though Israel is normally blamed for the absence of Palestinian
statehood, at least until 1967 the Arab states were equally responsible for
that failure. Until then, they occupied most of the territory that was given 
to Palestine under the UN partition, and their failure to create a state in
these territories not only weakened the Palestinian cause but, more
importantly, created doubts about their commitment to Arab unity.
Karsh, among others, has also drawn attention to the glaring cynicism of the Arab position:
Perhaps the best proof of British prescience regarding this matter was that neither Egypt nor Jordan ever allowed Palestinian self-determination in
the parts of Palestine they conquered during the 1948 War: respectively,
Gaza and the West Bank. As the Egyptian representative to the armistice talks told a British journalist: 'We don't care if all the refugees will die.
There are enough Arabs around.' More than half a century later, many of these refugees still languish in squalid camps waiting for their problem to be solved. (p.92)






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Furthermore, the low population density of the former Ottoman Empire meant that
there was never any shortage of land to allocate to the refugees, even if the West Bank had not been available. Nor was there ever a shortage of finances, either from oil-rich Arab states or from international organisations and sympathetic western sources, to
facilitate their relocation. The reality is that the Palestinians were evicted from Jordan
in 1970 and from Lebanon in the 1980s because of the escalating terrorist activities of 
the PLO. This ongoing aggression, orchestrated by radical elements within Islam,
made sure that the unfortunate Palestinian people were deliberately abandoned by the nations of Islam and exploited in the most cynical fashion imaginable. They were
never more than pawns in the genocidal plan to destroy Israel.
It should be noted also that the alleged cultural affinity of the Palestinian refugees
with the land of West Palestine has little or no foundation since a large proportion are
descendants of Arabs who had been resident in West Palestine for no more than a few 
decades.
Besides being an open sore for propaganda purposes, the Palestinian refugees have
long provided convenient cover for Islamic terrorist groups such as the PLO, Fatah,
Hamas and Hezbollah. That their operations must inevitably result in casualities
among Palestinian civilians is of no consequence in a society where martrydom and
death in the cause of Islam are esteemed as the highest good. In such a twisted
philosophy, women and children may be used as human shields, with or without their consent. (For a disturbing insight into the methods used by Hamas to control its
members and sacrifice Arab civilians, read Son of Hamas by Mosab Hassan Yousef.)
In light of these well-established facts, it is impossible to see how Israel is under any obligation to solve a problem which extremist, Jew-hating elements within Islam have deliberately engendered and aggravated over a period of sixty years.

5. Given that Arabs and Jews lived peacefully together for centuries under Ottoman rule, why can’t they jointly occupy and administer a unified ArabIsraeli state in Palestine?
This ‘solution’ is part of the misleading propaganda spread by radical Islamists and their sympathisers. It tries to disguise the fact that the Jews were always an oppressed minority under Islam, subject to extraordinary mistreatment and abuse.
As unbelievers, Jews were known as dhimmis, a sub-class with significantly fewer
social and political rights than Muslims, very little security, subject to the prospect of arbitrary assault by any Muslim (against which they had little or no legal recourse),
and made to pay an exorbitant tax called Jizyah.  This tax, which was levied normally
on all able-bodied male infidels, was unusually onerous and could consume up to half 
of one’s annual income. In short, dhimmis were down-trodden serfs whose continued existence was tolerated mainly on economic grounds. The dhimmi system also had a
major social advantage in that it placed a layer of indigent people below the Muslim 
community. So, no matter how badly the Muslims themselves were treated by an
oppressive ruling regime, there was always a layer beneath them that was even more exploited and oppressed.



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Both the Koran and the Hadith (the sayings of Muhammad) contain numerous verses which call for the exploitation, and even the elimination, of Jews. They are described several times as a curse upon the earth and a subhuman class - “pigs” and “apes” (Many websites list these verses).
Today it is virtually impossible for anybody other than a Muslim to live safely in some  Muslim countries. While immigrant workers are tolerated, they have no status and may be expelled at any time. The Christian Copts of Egypt are subject to dreadful persecution and appear to be a target for annihilation by extremist groups.
The Muslim belief in the inferiority of non-believers is demonstrated in many ways, but perhaps the best known is their insistence on the use of Sharia law in any country where they possess sufficient political influence to compel its introduction. Sharia is simply the codification of Islamic doctrine in all matters pertaining to human behaviour. Applying as it does to just about every aspect of a person’s life, it is far more sweeping and inclusive than any western idea of jurisprudence. Sharia law is “above the law,” that is it supersedes the statutes of all western nations and any law constituted outside the parameters of Islam.
Arabs resident in Israel (excluding the West Bank and Gaza) number around 1.2
million, 8 times the number in 1948. They are eligible for full Israeli citizenship and enjoy the same rights as Jews (except they cannot join the armed forces). They live
peacefully with the Jews, elect representatives to the Knesset, and worship in their
mosques. As yet they have not been radicalised by Islamic extremist philosophy and seem to be satisfied to remain in Israel (They could sell up and leave without penalty if they so wished). The prospect of living under a despotic regime, with a lower
standard of living and fewer civil rights, has not attracted them to countries like Syria or Egypt. In short, peaceful co-existence between Jews and Muslims is only possible when Sharia law has no political force whatever - a condition that could never be
satisfied in an Arab-Israeli state.

6. Even allowing for these considerations, surely there is still a case for allowing the Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank to establish their own state? Would that not bring peace?
Many westerners incline toward this view. There are even many Israelis who think it may be the best solution. But it is founded on a lie.
Most Westerners do not understand Islam. They fail to see that it is not just a religion in the accepted sense but an autocratic political system, where all aspects of the
individual’s life are regulated by the state. It is lawful under Islam to kill a Muslim
who converts to another religion. No religion other than Islam may be preached
openly in an Islamic country. Their holy book espouses violence against Jews and
Christians, as well as other non-believers (infidel) and the concept of jihad - the
aggressive expansion of Islam - is enshrined in its theology. It is even lawful for
Muslims to deliberately deceive their enemies in defence of their religion and to sign
a ‘peace’ treaty which they have no intention of honouring. (Muhammad himself set 
this precedent when, having made a 10-year treaty with the Jews of Mecca, he
returned two years later and wiped them all out. In effect their code says “Make peace with your enemy until you are strong enough to destroy him.”)

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It is difficult to get an objective account of any controversial incident in which
Moslems were involved since their religion allows them to indulge in fabrication if it will help the cause of Islam. Such lies are neither immoral nor displeasing to Allah
since the overall aim, the protection of Islam, is what ultimately counts. This principle
is similar to the Jesuit belief that the end justifies the means, or the supposedly ethical
device, known as 
mental reservation, which Catholic bishops use to justify their lies.
Furthermore few Westerners realise that the Koran is not the only scripture in Islam. The Hadith or sayings of Muhammad, which are even more intolerant, sectarian and aggressively  anti-Jewish  and  anti-Christian  than  the  Koran,  also  carry  divine authority. There is no shortage of verses in either branch of Islamic scripture to convince radical Muslims that their campaign of hatred and violence is morally justified. (While it might be true to say that the majority of Muslims give little weight to these verses, it is equally true that the views of moderate, peace-loving Moslems have no effect whatever in a religion dominated by extremists.)
The nations of Islam will never be satisfied until every trace of the Israeli state has
been erased from the earth. Never. Even if it was reduced to the size of a postage
stamp they would still continue to rage until that final insult to Allah was obliterated.
Israeli leaders made some serious strategic errors in the past when they failed to grasp this fact. For example, having secured a vital buffer zone to the west with the annexation of Sinai, they gave it back to Egypt for a piece of paper. It would be a serious mistake for Israel to surrender any of the territory that it currently possesses or controls. It holds all such rerritory by right, as land acquired in a defensive war against a genocidal invader.
During negotiations brokered by the US at Camp David in July 2000, the Israeli
Prime Minister, Ehud Barak, offered the Palestinians most of the West Bank, all of
the Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem as the capital of a new Palestinian state; in
addition, all Palestinian refugees could apply for compensation for loss of property
from an international fund to which Israel would contribute along with other
countries. And, incredibly, the Palestinian leadership rejected this astonishing offer!
As Abba Eban famously observed after the Geneva peace talks in 1973: “The Arabs never miss an opportunity to miss an opportunity.”
The Palestinian attitude at Camp David shows, if further proof were needed, that the rulers of Islam have no intention of resolving the plight of the Palestinian refugees and no interest whatever in a negotiated settlement - their only goal is the complete annihilation of Israel.











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The Palestinian people have been used by the leaders of Islam in a most despicable
way, as pawns in a vicious game which they intend to continue playing until Israel is
destroyed. These cynical leaders know the power of international opinion and the
sympathy that can be gained for their cause by the ongoing televised plight of these
unfortunate people. They know that most westerners fall for this type of propaganda,
the endless repetition of heart-rending images. They know that the west will continue to perceive the Palestinians as victims - which they are - without seeing that the true
architects of their oppression are the Islamic nations which surround them.
Katz noted (p.163) an article in the Egyptian journal El Muswar of December 1968 which frankly admitted that “[t]he expulsion of our brothers from their homes should not cause us any anxiety, especially as they were driven into Arab countries...The masses of the Palestinian people are only the advance-guard of the Arab nation...a plan for rousing world opinion in stages, as it would not be able to understand or accept a war by a hundred million Arabs against a small state.”
In his discussion of the same theme, Karsh stated:
Indeed, had the Jewish State lost the war, its territory would not have
been handed over to the Palestinians but rather divided among the
invading forces, for the simple reason that none of the Arab regimes
viewed the Palestinians as a distinct nation. As the American academic Philip Hitti put the Arab view to a joint Anglo-American commission of inquiry in 1946:  'There is no such thing as Palestine in history,
absolutely not.' - p.91
Bard is just as blunt:
The Arab League created the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) in Cairo in 1964 as a weapon against Israel. Neither the PLO nor any
Palestinian  groups  campaigned  for  Jordan  or  Egypt  to  create  an
independent Palestinian state in the West Bank or Gaza. The focus of
Palestinian activism has always been on the destruction of Israel. After the PLO was expelled from Jordan by King Hussein in 1970, many of its active units went to Lebanon. The PLO seized whole areas of the
country,  where it  brutalised  the population  and  usurped  Lebanese
government authority. - p.69
The Palestinians already have their own state - East Palestine (Jordan) - but the
refugees are kept out by the Islamic leadership. Through their choice of flag, the
Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza virtually admit that Jordan is their homeland
- note the remarkable similarities between it and the Jordanian flag:









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National flag of Jordan                                   Palestinian flag







The Palestinian refugees could also be accommodated quite easily in another neighbouring Arab state, such as Lebanon and Syria, which already have a significant Palestinian presence, but they are not allowed enter these countries. Or they could be given a slice of the vast Sinai peninsula by Egypt or the sprawling sovereign state of Saudi Arabia, which is one of the most under-populated countries in the world. In short, the plight of the West Palestinian Arabs could be resolved in a week by the global Islamic community if they really wanted to do so.
But this will never happen because the leaders of the Islamic world hate Israel and are fully prepared to bully, oppress, starve and, if necessary, sacrifice millions of their own people - the Palestinians - in order to destroy it.
As Jamal al-Husseini, Vice-President of the Arab Higher Committee, the effective
government of the Palestinian Arabs, told the UN General Assembly in 1947 as it was about to cast its vote: 'We are solidly and permanently determined to fight to the last
man against the existence in our country of any Jewish state, no matter how small it
is.'
Former director of the UNWRA, Ralph Garroway, didn’t mince his words when he
stated in August, 1958 that “The Arab States do not want to solve the refugee
problem. They want to keep it as an open sore, as an affront to the United Nations and as a weapon against Israel. Arab leaders don’t give a damn whether the refugees live or die.” These three simple sentences by Mr Garroway sum up the Arab attitude to the Palestinian refugees.
The essence of the wider problem, the survival of Israel itself, is well captured by Ben-Ami:
The battleground as such was never the only problem for Israel; it was the wider strategic context of a nation surrounded by an immense Arab hinterland that could afford, as indeed it did, one defeat after another, yet always recover and be ready for the next round. This was a luxury -
losing a war - the Israelis were always genuinely, and one should also say rightly, convinced that they could never afford.
The Islamic monolith only needs to win once, while Israel needs to win every time.






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In the end only one Viewpoint matters
For all our opinions and convictions, and the huge diversity of views that obtain in this matter, at the end of the day only one viewpoint counts, and that is God’s. And he has expressed it with remarkable clarity for all to see.
Firstly, he established a binding agreement with Abraham and all of his descendants around 2000 BC:
And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto
thee, and to thy seed after thee. And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God. (Genesis 17:7-8)
Lest anyone think for a moment that God might not honour his word, he said (around 1500 BC):
God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good? (Numbers 23:19)
Then, around 1000 BC he again reminded his people that he had every intention of honouring his covenant with them:
He  hath  remembered  his  covenant  for  ever,  the  word  which  he
commanded to a thousand generations. Which covenant he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac; And confirmed the same unto Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant: (Psalm 105:8-10)
What is more, he said he would honour this “everlasting covenant” even if his people strayed from the precepts that he had laid down for them:
If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments; If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; Then will I visit their  transgression  with  the  rod,  and  their  iniquity  with  stripes. Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips. Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David. His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me. It shall be established for ever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven. (Psalm 89:30-37)
About 400 years before Christ, he again reminded his people that he does not change, that his covenant will stand, and that those who turn to him in the End Time (“in that day”) will be spared, as though each man was His own son:
For I am the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed. (Malachi 3:6)
And they shall be mine, saith the LORD of hosts, in that day when I make up my jewels; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him. (Malachi 3:17)

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Jesus confirmed this promise when he said:
Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. (Luke 21:24)
Jerusalem fell to the Gentiles in 70 AD and only returned fully into Jewish hands in 1967. This is a clear sign that the End Time clock is ticking.
Finally, in the Book of Revelation (around 96 BC), the LORD stated in stunning detail exactly how he intends to deal with Satan, the enemies of Israel, and the gross apostasy of mankind in the End Time. If you think for a moment that he did not mean what he said, think again:
The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and
formeth the spirit of man within him. Behold, I will make Jerusalem a
cup of trembling unto all the people round about, when they shall be in
the siege both against Judah and against Jerusalem. And in that day will
I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden
themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the
earth be gathered together against it...And it shall come to pass in that
day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against
Jerusalem. (Zechariah 12:1-3, 9)

Concluding Comments
When I set out to research this topic I didn’t expect to end up here. Somehow I
imagined that the Arab cause would have some justification, however tenuous. After all, there are two sides to every story. So it came as a real surprise to see just how
well defined the main issues really are. On the one hand we have a small nation under
siege, and on the other a sprawling despotic empire which is determined at all costs to 
destroy it.
I have based this analysis on facts which are fairly easy to establish. If you have
difficulty with my conclusions, then I would suggest you research the facts which, in your opinion, have the greatest bearing on my analysis. I believe it is important that people establish the actual historical position for themselves and not rely solely on
secondhand sources.
This paper does not address the conduct of the Israeli Defence Force in recent
decades, the activities of Mossad or Shin Bet, the Zionist influence on American
politics or the global financial system, the use of Israel as a flashpoint for World War Three, its role in the Illuminati plan to create a New World Order, or any similar
factor. It simply sought to establish (a) whether or not the state of Israel (including the land it currently controls) is constituted on sound legal and moral grounds - the
answer is Yes - and (b) whether or not the state of Israel is responsible for the current
plight of the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza - and the answer is 
No.
A summary of the subject as a whole is set out in Appendix A.

--o--

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Note on the author
Jeremy James is a graduate in philosophy and logic from University
College Dublin. He has spent over 30 years in public administration,
dealing  mainly with  computerisation  policy,  fiscal  management  and
strategic planning. He became a born-again Christian in 2008 and has no
affiliation with Judaism or any Zionist organisation. This paper was
written primarily in response to the announcement in early 2010 by the
Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU) that it objected to the Israeli
treatment of the Palestinians and supported the boycott of Israeli goods by Irish consumers. Such a policy, in his opinion, is based on a serious
misapprehension of the actual historical position and is harmful to the
legitimate interests of Israel.
--o--
For information about the New World Order, the coming global financial collapse, and the Illuminati plan to foment World War Three as a vehicle for radical change, visit
www.zephaniah.eu

Published on the Internet, 9 June 2010
       Copyright Jeremy James 2010






















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Bibliography



Bard, Mitchell

Ben-Ami, Schlomo

Burke, Jason
Fisk, Robert
Gottheil, Fred

Hammond, Peter

Huntington, Samuel

Karsh, Efraim
Katz, Samuel
Kayyali, A W S
Kumaraswamy, P R Lewis, Bernard


Lindsey, Hal
MacMillan, Margaret Maybury, Richard
Morris, Benny
Peters, Joan

Yousef, Mosab Hassan


Myths and Facts: A Guide to the Arab-Israeli
Conflict, 2001
Scars of War, Wounds of Peace: The Israeli-Arab Tragedy, 2006
Al-Qaeda: The True Story of Radical Islam, 2003 Pity the Nation, 1990
The Smoking Gun: Arab Immigation into Palestine,
1922-1931
, The Middle East Quarterly, Winter 2003
Slavery, Terrorism and Islam: The Historical Roots and Contemporary Threat, 2008
The Clash of Civilisations and the Remaking of World Order, 1996
The Arab-Israeli Conflict: The Palestine War 1948, 2002 Battleground: Fact and Fantasy in Palestine, 1973 Palestine: A Modern History, 1978
Historical Dictionary of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 2006 The Crisis of Islam: Holy War and Unholy Terror, 2003 The Multiple Identities of the Middle East, 1998
The Everlasting Hatred: The Roots of Jihad, 2002 Peacemakers: Six Months that Changed the World, 2001 The Thousand Year War in the Mideast, 1999 1948: The First Arab-Israeli War, 2008
From Time Immemorial: The Origins of the Arab-Jewish Conflict Over Palestine, 1984
Son of Hamas, 2010








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APPENDIX  A
Summary
The main proof of Israel’s right to exist and to retain possession of all land currently in her possession (the Golan, Jerusalem, Gaza and the West Bank), along with proof that it is not in any manner responsible for the plight of the Palestinian Arabs in Gaza and the West Bank, is as follows:
1.    The territory covered by the Palestinian Mandate (today’s Jordan and
       Israel) was significantly under-populated in 1900. Despite its vast size,
       
the total population of the entire Ottoman Empire was only 20 million or
       
so in 1917. The same area today has a population of about 220 million
       
(an average annual increase of 2.7%). Not only was the Empire as a
       whole under-populated, but Palestine was even more so. Thus the notion
       
that there was no room for a Jewish homeland in Palestine without
       displacing the indigenous Arab population, such as it was, is untenable.
       
As it happens a large proportion of the Arabs in West Palestine up to
       1947 had arrived after the first Aliyah (wave of immigration) by the
       Jews in 1880.
2.    There were no national boundaries or nation states within the Ottoman
       Empire (which existed for about 400 years) and thus no national
identity, whether among the Arabs of West Palestine or anywhere else. All identity was a tribal and religious. A state in Palestine, ruled by the Arabs, had never existed. West Palestine (Israel) was never more than a province in the vast territory of Islam and was traditionally regarded by the Arabs as part of Syria and Jordan. The Arabs never recognised the ‘Palestinians’ as a separate people or ethnic group.
3.    The sovereign control which the Turks exercised over the Ottoman
       Empire was broken in 1918 and the victors (notably Britain and France)
       
had full legal discretion under international law to decide how the
       Empire should be divided among competing interests.
4.    Britain and France agreed with the leading Zionist representatives of the
       
time to create a Jewish homeland in Palestine (the Mandate territory
       known today as Jordan and Israel).
5.    The leading Arab representatives agreed to the creation of a Jewish
       homeland in Palestine on the understanding that the Arabs would be
       given control over the remaining Ottoman territory, namely Lebanon,
       Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Territorial boundaries had not yet been
       agreed.
6.    The leading Arab representatives stated in writing that they welcomed
the creation of a Jewish homeland.
7.    The  international  community         (the  Allies  and  later  the  League  of
Nations) ratified the understanding at            5 above and noted the Arab
agreement at 6 above.
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8.    In 1922, in contravention of international law, Britain divided Palestine
in two, giving the area east of the Jordan River to the Arabs (known later as Trans-Jordan, then the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and finally
Jordan). Jews were completely excluded from this territory. In doing so
Britain summarily reduced the potential area of the prospective Jewish
homeland by 75%. The rest of Palestine remained under British control.
9.    Britain co-operated in a clandestine manner with the Arabs by imposing
       restrictions on the immigration of Jews into West Palestine (the proposed
       
Jewish homeland), contrary to international law. These restrictions grew
       
steadily more oppressive in the 1930s.
10.    Britain continued to facilitate the unrestricted migration of Arabs into
West Palestine, which again was contrary to the terms of the Mandate approved by the League of Nations.
11.    Britain also continued to support the Arab cause in West Palestine by
restricting the purchase of land by Jews to specific areas. This was done
with a view to further reducing the territory which the Jews could
ultimately claim as their homeland. Furthermore, the territory concerned was broken into three enclaves which would be more vulnerable to a
large-scale military attack than would a single contiguous parcel of land.
12.    At the instigation of the British, the Arabs continued throughout the
1920s, 1930s and 1940s to carry out terrorist attacks on Jewish civilian
targets.
13.    The Arabs living in West Palestine were led to believe by the leadership
in the surrounding Arab states          (via radio, newspapers and word of
mouth) that a large-scale military invasion would take place around the
time the Jewish state was declared. They were advised to leave West
Palestine temporarily so as not to constrain the invading Arab armies.
14.    Large numbers of Arabs would leave in any event on foot of the violent
response by their leadership to the UN Resolution of 29 November 1947. This led to a great escalation of tensions between the two communities. The numerous atrocities against Jewish civilians during this period convinced many Arabs that, if the Jews were ever to obtain the upper hand, their safety would not be assured.
15.    The official Jewish state, approved by the United Nations in 1947, was
only a fraction of the whole of Palestine (East and West) and only 57% of West Palestine. Furthermore, a large part, about 75%, consisted of the inhospitable Negev Desert.
16.    Had the Jewish people been allocated a homeland in proportion to their
numbers within the Ottoman Empire as a whole, they would have
received a far larger piece of territory. (The Kurds should have been
allocated a homeland on the same basis but were cheated by the Arabs.)




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17.    The Arabs of West Palestine were offered their own state by the UN in
1947, but they rejected it.
18.    The Jews in the newly founded state of Israel refused to allow the Arabs
who had fled in 1947-1948 to return. As a result the refugees lost a considerable amount of property. However, total Arab forfeiture in this manner was half that lost by Jews who were forced to flee from various Islamic states for their own safety.
19.    The massive invasion of Israel on 15 May 1948 by the armies of six
Arab  countries  was  unsuccessful.  This  invasion  was  illegal  under international law and genocidal in purpose. Even though the invaders were attacking on three fronts and had significant strategic advantages, they were unable to overcome Jewish resistance.
20.    The Arab states refused to assimilate most of the Arabs who departed
temporarily from West Palestine in 1947-1948. Other countries assimil-ated far larger numbers of refugees after World War Two, but the Arab states, despite the extensive territory at their disposal and their ample
revenue from oil exports, have consistently refused to do so. This
unfortunate group of people, which today number around 3½ million,
has been used by the nations of Islam over the past 60 years as an open sore, a cynical propaganda tool to deceive the international community, and as a human shield when conducting terrorist operations against
Israeli civilian targets.
21.    With British approval, Jordan annexed the West Bank in 1950 and held
it until 1967 when it was taken by Israel in the Six-Day War. During this entire period - about 17 years - the Arabs were in a position to declare
an independent state for Palestinian Arabs in the West Bank but made no
attempt to do so. Similarly, Egypt could have donated Gaza when it was 
under Egyptian control.. Perhaps these facts, more than any other,
demonstrate that the Arabs have deliberately nurtured the Palestinian
refugee problem for the express purpose of destroying Israel.
22.    The Palestinian leadership has consistently rejected all reasonable offers
of a solution. As recently as 2000, they were offered Gaza, most of the West Bank, and East Jerusalem as the capital of a new Palestinian state, but they rejected it.
23.    The nations of Islam will never recognise the state of Israel and have no
intention of achieving a lasting peaceful settlement. Israel made a major strategic error when it returned Sinai to Egypt in 1979. It should not give away any further territory, for whatever reason. Under the moral code of Islam, the Arabs are under no obligation to honour a treaty made with an infidel nation.
24.    The goal of radical Islam, which is heavily financed by Iran and Saudi
Arabia, among others, is the total destruction of Israel and the murder of her entire population.


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